Реферат на английском языке про спорт в великобритании

Many of the games we play now have come from Britain. One of the most British games is cricket. It is often played in schools, colleges, universities, and by club teams all over the country.

Узнаём много нового и интересного из истории и культуры этой удивительной страны — Великобритании. Но особенно нас интересует спорт. Говорят, что многие виды спорта зародились в Великобритании. И правила игр изобрели англичане. В нашей работе мы хотели бы рассказать о национальных видах спорта Соединённого королевства Великобритании. Вот основные факты: Многие виды спорта произошли из Англии.

Реферат "Национальные виды спорта Великобритании"

The history of sport 1. It is a contraction from "disport". The meaning was "an entertaining and relaxing activity that brings joy".

The word "disport" has been known since 1300. Also it was "a pastime, a game; flirtation; pleasure derived from such actions "since the XIV century. The word "disport" is derived from old French "desport", "deport", where these words also meant "pleasure, enjoyment, delight; solace; advantage.

From the 20-ies of the XV century, the word takes its modern meaning, "a game that requires physical effort".

Usually the contest or game is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other. When sport first appeared in the world Sport first appeared in Greece during the Olympic games. The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began in 777 ВС in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries at Olympia.

They included many different kinds of sports: running, boxing, wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olympia to compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship. In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not renewed until many centuries later. In 1894 French Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sport and its educational value.

Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the continuation of the centuries-old tradition. In 1896 the International Olympic Committee was set up.

It is the central policy-making body of the Olympic movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries, which take part in the Olympic Games.

Summer and Winter Games are held separately. The British showed a more profound interest in sports, and in greater variety, than any rival. This was chiefly due to the development of the railway network in the UK before other nations. Allowing for national newspapers, and travel around the country far earlier than in other places. They gave pride of place to such moral issues as sportsmanship and fair play. Cricket became symbolic of the Imperial spirit throughout the Empire.

Football proved highly attractive to the urban working classes, which introduced the rowdy spectator to the sports world. In some sports, there was significant controversy in the fight for amateur purity especially in rugby and rowing.

New games became popular almost overnight, including golf, lawn tennis, cycling and hockey. Women were much more likely to enter these sports than the old established ones. The aristocracy and landed gentry, with their ironclad control over land rights, dominated hunting, shooting, fishing and horse racing.

Many modern Olympic sports trace their roots back to Britain. Cricket had become well-established among the English upper class in the 18th century, and was a major factor in sports competition among the public schools.

Army units around the Empire had time on their hands, and encouraged the locals to learn cricket so they could have some entertaining competition. Most of the Empire embraced cricket, with the exception of Canada. Cricket test matches international began by the 1870s; the most famous is that between Australia and Britain for " The Ashes. The most popular sport in the UK 2. In the English Football League there are 92 professional clubs. These are semi-professional, so most players have other full-time jobs.

Hundreds of thousands of people also play football in parks and playgrounds just for fun. By the end of the nineteenth century, distinct regional codes were already developing: Gaelic football, for example, deliberately incorporated the rules of local traditional football games in order to maintain their heritage.

During the twentieth century, several of the various kinds of football grew to become some of the most popular team sports in the world. It spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. Depending on the type of match, the teams have one or two innings apiece and, when the first innings ends, the teams swap roles for the next innings.

The nine other fielders are tactically deployed around the field by their captain, usually in consultation with the bowler. The other batsman, known as the non-striker, waits at the opposite end of the pitch near the bowler. A dismissed batsman, who is declared to be "out", must leave the field to be replaced by a teammate. An over is a set of six deliveries bowled by the same bowler. The next over is bowled from the other end of the pitch by a different bowler.

Some historians trace the sport back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball. One theory asserts that paganica spread throughout Europe as the Romans conquered most of the continent, during the first century BC, and eventually evolved into the modern game. Others cite chuiwan "chui" means striking and "wan" means small ball as the progenitor, a Chinese game played between the eighth and 14th centuries. A Ming Dynasty scroll dating back to 1368 entitled "The Autumn Banquet" shows a member of the Chinese Imperial court swinging what appears to be a golf club at a small ball with the aim of sinking it into a hole.

The game is thought to have been introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages. Another early game that resembled modern golf was known as cambuca in England and chambot in France. In addition, kolven was played annually in Loenen, Netherlands, beginning in 1297, to commemorate the capture of the assassin of Floris V, a year earlier. Golf is a club and ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

Golf, unlike most ball games, cannot and does not utilize a standardized playing area, and coping with the varied terrains encountered on different courses is a key part of the game. The game at the highest level is played on a course with an arranged progression of 18 holes, though recreational courses can be smaller, usually nine holes. Each hole on the course must contain a tee box to start from, and a putting green containing the actual hole or cup.

There are other standard forms of terrain in between, such as the fairway, rough, sand traps, and various hazards but each hole on a course is unique in its specific layout and arrangement. An individual, known as stroke play or the lowest score on the most individual holes in a complete round by an individual or team, known as match play, plays golf for the lowest number of strokes.

Stroke play is the most commonly seen format at all levels, but most especially at the elite level. In the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, the fight is considered a draw professional boxing.

In Olympic boxing, due to the fact that a winner must be declared, in the case of a draw - the judges use technical criteria to choose the most deserving winner of the bout. There were twelve rules in all, and they specified that fights should be "a fair stand-up boxing match" in a 24-foot-square or similar ring.

Rounds were three minutes with one-minute rest intervals between rounds. Each fighter was given a ten-second count if he was knocked down, and wrestling was banned.

ПОСМОТРИТЕ ВИДЕО ПО ТЕМЕ: Sport UK

Sport in Great Britain (3)British people are very fond of sports. Sport is part of Football, also called soccer, is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom. England, Wales Cricket is considered to be the English National game. Its rules are Изменения в традиционной британской семье и их отражение в языке. Спорт в Британии - Топик (тема) по английскому языку Английский язык онлайн. The British are known to be great sports-lovers, so when they are neither.

Sports in Britain: спорт в Великобритании. В восьмом классе у нас начинается тема спорта. Трудно переоценить его значение в жизни каждого британца. Самые популярные виды спорта в Англии - ходьба, футбол и крикет. Но есть ещё немало замечательных, традиционных для страны видов. Я постараюсь постепенно рассказать о большинстве из них. А главное — разместить на блоге видеоролики и фотоматериалы о каждом из представляемых видов. Минусом многих сайтов, насыщенных информацией для изучающих и преподающих английский язык является их малая наглядность. В средней школе в процессе обучения это становится существенным методическим недостатком, и я постараюсь его избежать. Рассказ о каждом виде спорта сопровождается небольшим видеосюжетом и текстом на английском языке - для перевода ученикам. Сегодня значительно расширен перечень видов спорта, развитие которых стимулируется государством. Появилась должность министра спортаа, который координирует спортивные мероприятия по всей стране. Правительство приватизировало некоторые спортивные центры, ранее находящиеся под управлением местных властей. Повышается уровень спортивных стандартов и обеспеченность англичан спортивным снаряжением и сооружениями. Other sports such as golf, tennis, bowling, horse racing are also very popular in England.

They are true sport-lovers.

The history of sport 1. It is a contraction from "disport".

Sports in Great Britain

Sports in Great Britain. Спорт в Британии [30. Many of the games we play now have come from Britain. One of the most British games is cricket. It is often played in schools, colleges, universities and by club teams all over the country. To many Englishmen cricket is both a game and a standard of behaviour.

Sports in Britain

Sport is part of their normal life. The two most popular games are football and cricket. Football, also called soccer, is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom. Games are played on Saturday afternoons from August to April. Cricket is considered to be the English National game. Its rules are very complicated. It is played by two teams of eleven men each, the player at a time tries to hit the ball with a bat. Golf is the Scottish national game. It originated in the 15th century and the most famous golf course in the world, known as the Royal and Ancient Club, is at St.

Literature Introduction There were no national sport in Great Britain in the early eighteen century. That time, sports were closely linked to church festivities.

Cricket, football, rugby, tennis, table tennis, badminton, squash, canoeing and snooker were invented in Britain. It was played there as far back as medieval times. Nowadays it has become the most popular game all over the world. There is no national football team in Great Britain.

топик Спорт в Великобритании (3) / Sport in Great Britain (3) с переводом

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Проект "Спорт в Великобритании"

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ВИДЕО ПО ТЕМЕ: Тема : СПОРТ ( на английском языке )
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