Economy of kazakhstan реферат
Рефераты, курсовые, дипломные работы, сочинения РефератEconomy of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan is the largest nation and economy in Central Asia, and the ninth largest nation by area in the world. It possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves as well as minerals and metals. It also has considerable agricultural potential with its vast steppe lands accommodating both livestock and grain production, as well as developed space infrastructure, which took over all launches to the International Space Station from the Space Shuttle. The mountains in the south are important for apples and walnuts; both species grow wild there.
Definition of the main aspects of the reform of the pension system of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Description of key trends and assumptions that have led to changes in the pension legislation. Peculiarities of evaluating the feasibility of the reforms. Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis for Kazakhstan.
ENGLISH TOPICS - page 86
Mutual Trade. Cooperating in oil gas and power sphere. Cooperating in sphere of transport and communications. The russian-kazakhstan ratios at the present stage In a context of events, which have taken place in region after September 11, the role of Russia in Central Asia a little has varied, as well as all has varied geopolitical formulated in region last years. In these conditions of one of important external policies of tasks of Kazakhstan is the adjusting of tactics and strategy in ratios with Russia, which would correspond by modern geopolitical realities and long-term interests of our country.
Central Asia and Caspian Sea go into a region of traditional interests of Russia. In this region it always had the important national interests, which, however, in different periods were defined by different circumstances and factors. The key interests of Russia in this region at the present stage can be reduced to the following. Central Asia has the important value in a safety of Russia. The importance of this region for Russia is stipulated not oil but the factor implying from desire to save influence on Caspian Sea; Kazakhstan region is of interest for Russia territory, where its compatriots live.
Are those, on our sight three dominating interest of Russian Federation, dominating, Caspian — Central Asia region at the present stage. Until recently Russia ensured above-mentioned interests without the special efforts. All countries of region in the majority were that or are otherwise dependent on Russian Federation.
But the events, which have occurred after September of the last year, have brought in serious enough variations to a geopolitical situation in Central Asia and have affected on common position of forces in region. One of the occurred key variations consists in that the break in sphere of traditional vital interests of Russia is watched which today faces to necessity Central Asia of policy.
The given balance can figuratively be presented as a triangle, in which upper corner Russia, in one lower corner - USA, in the friend - China settled down. These countries have occupied three strategic niches in Caspian — Central Asia region: military-political, oil and gas, commodity-raw.
The Russian presence at region last years was ensured, first of all, with strategic military-political component. A peaking of a problem extremism and the terrorisms in Central Asia, activation Islamic of driving of Uzbekistan, irreconcilable part of Integrated Tadjik opposition at immediate support Talib have established in 1999 - 2001 real threat for the countries of region.
In these conditions only Russia was considered by the states of region as the real factor of safety. It is enough to recollect, that these years intensive two-sided ratios in military and military-engineering sphere were especially made active. Thus, USA has occupied oil and gases niche in the region, and Russia and China by virtue of economic circumstances could not compete with it in this direction. In this geopolitical triangle Russia all the same occupied a little bit dominating positions.
This majoring in many respects was determined by strategic military-political component, which role in the international ratios is traditionally high. In a context of a common global situation Russia forced to be reconciled with a determination of military basses of USA in region of its traditional interests.
Taking into account all these circumstances, Russia faces to necessity of the policy in Central Asia. The further prolongation above-mentioned tendencies will have painful enough consequences for it. Despite of some variation of a role of Russia in Central Asia, for Kazakhstan the strategic interests in a ratio of Russia continue to be saved.
The necessity of activation of ratios with Russia and holding of constructive cooperating on much important directions for Kazakhstan is dictated as well by that in case of essential weakening of Russia in Central Asia it will be fraught with negative consequences. The situation in region can become unstable and badly forecast. In the whole traditional interests of Kazakhstan in a ratio of Russia are founded on four factors having long-time character.
First, the maintenance partner of ratios with Russia is necessary valid intercontinental of an arrangement of Kazakhstan, for which the exit on the world market is vital for an economic development. Russia in this respect occupies the strategically important position; being by the state, on which region pass vital strategy of transport and communication. Secondly, Russia is one of the important subjects of the international system, having significant political weight and rather large military-engineering opportunities.
The Russian factor in many respects determines external policy in a situation around of Kazakhstan, both on regional, and at the international level. Thirdly, Russia is the major economic partner Republic of Kazakhstan. It not only imports different production and techniques to Kazakhstan, but also is the market of selling of Kazakhstan production. In - fourth, both states are combined with a historical generality, spiritual and cultural links.
In region of Russia the man is Kazakh Diasporas including 740 thousand. In Kazakhstan Russians are second on number ethnic group, making about 30 percents of the population of the country. In this context the Russian direction of exterior policy of Kazakhstan remains to one of priority and strategic. Соседние файлы в предмете Мировая экономика 11.ПОСМОТРИТЕ ВИДЕО ПО ТЕМЕ: Kazakhstan's economy is not yet diversified, economist says - Capital Connection
Kazakhstan's industrial sector. Current GDP per capita. Trends in the gross domestic product of Kazakhstan. Inflow of foreign currency. Implementation of the . A variety of economy of Kazakhstan, introduction of the international technical, financial, business standards, the introduction to the WTO. The measures planned.
All events The Republic of Kazakhstan The Republic of Kazakhstan is a unitary state with the presidential system of government. Under the Constitution, Kazakhstan is a democratic, secular, legal and social state which recognizes the man, his life, rights and freedoms as the supreme values of the country. Kazakhstan gained independence on December 16, 1991. Kazakh language is the official language of Kazakhstan. The Russian language has the status of the language of interethnic communication. The unit of currency used in Kazakhstan is tenge. The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the head of state, the highest political official, who determines the main directions of the domestic and foreign policy of the country and represents Kazakhstan on the international arena. The President is a symbol and guarantor of the national unity and the state power, inviolability of the Constitution, as well as the rights and freedoms of an individual and citizen. The Government implements executive powers, heads the system of executive bodies and exercises supervision of their activity. The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan performs legislative functions and consists of two Chambers acting on a permanent basis: the Senate and the Majilis. The Senate is composed of deputies, two of whom represent each region of the country, as well as the cities of the national significance and the capital of Kazakhstan.
The economic potential of Kazakhstan is defined by rich reserves of natural resources, vast agricultural lands, developed labour and other resources.
На предприятиях отрасли производится цемент , шифер , асбестоцементные трубы, мягкие кровельные материалы, линолеум , санитарно-строительный фаянс, облицовочные керамические плитки для полов и отделки зданий, панели и другие конструкции для крупнопанельного домостроения, каолин для бумажной промышленности, радиаторы, конвекторы и ряд других видов строительных материалов и конструкций. Производство гравия и щебня в млн куб. Республика располагает достаточными запасами разнообразного сырья для выпуска строительных материалов.
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Скоренько и молча закусили... Доктор последовал за ней. Чтоб он не спал, хозяйка наливала тут kazakhstan же, на реферат economy, диване, кофе, тут kazakhstan же играли на реферат economy, ковре дети, и Илья Ильич волей-неволей реферат теория собственности , должен был принимать реферат попутный нефтеной газ участие. Быть может, это economy kazakhstan, следует реферат малярные работы в доме приписать economy kazakhstan тому, что во время вековых скитаний народа львиная доля лишений, тяжкого труда и слез выпала женщине. Народу собралась такая область, что и думать k.
Реферат economy of kazakhstan
Small business survival and development problems and countermeasures from the perspective of financing Analysis of the status and role of small business in the economy of China in the global financial crisis. The definition of the legal regulations on its establishment. Description of the policy of the state to reduce their reliance on the banking sector. The level and quality of life. Industrialised countries: the distinctive features and way of development. Analysis of the mechanism of the financial market on the efficient allocation of resources in the economy and to define the specific role of stock market prices in the process. Pension reforms, undertaken in 2011. Cancellation of grain export quotas and reversal of a proposal for the monopolisation of grain exports. Classification of investments and their structure.
The Human Capital Theory.
Mutual Trade. Cooperating in oil gas and power sphere. Cooperating in sphere of transport and communications.
Реферат По дисциплине: Английский язык
The Republic of Kazakhstan
.ВИДЕО ПО ТЕМЕ: How Powerful Is Kazakhstan? - NowThis World